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Geography of Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka or officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka is a Southern Asian island in the Indian Ocean. Sri Lanka situated about 31 km (19.3 miles) off the southern coast of India, and is separated from India by the Palk Strait.

  • Official Name  : Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
  • President  : Mahinda Rajapaksa (2005, 2010)
  • Prime Minister  : D. M. Jayaratne (2010)
  • Location  : Southern Asia, island in the Indian Ocean, south of India
  • Geographic coordinates:
    Latitude: 5o 55” to 9o 50’N
    Longitude: 79o 42’ to 81o 52’E
  • Total Area  : 25,332 sq. mi (65,610 sq. km)
  • Land Area  : 24,996 sq. mi (64,740 sq. km)
  • Length  :
    North to South – 434 km
    East to West – 227 km
  • Coastline  : 1,340 km
  • Elevation extremes/ Highest point  : Pidurutalagala (2,524 m)
  • Land use  :
    Arable land: 13.96%
    Permanent crops: 15.24%
    Other: 70.8% (2005)
  • Population  : 20.9 million (CIA estimate 2007)
  • Population Density  : 319 per sq. km
  • Capital  :
    Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte (official). Population: 115,826 (census 2001).
    Colombo (commercial). Population: 2.4 million (official estimate 2006).
    Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte is located within the Colombo district and its only 10km(6 miles) from Colombo.
  • Largest city  : Colombo
  • Other Larger cities  : Dehiwela, Moratuwa, Galle, Kandy
  • Natural Hazards  : Occasional cyclones and tornadoes.
  • International Dialling Code  : +94
  • Time  : +5.5 hours GMT
  • Climate  :Tropical monsoon;
    northeast monsoon (December to March)
    southwest monsoon (June to October)
  • Population  : 21,324,791(2009 est.)